Other Natural and Physical Sci (NATS)

NATS 0001  Academic Skills for Health Science (WSTC Prep)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700225  

This unit is designed to assist students to become successful independent learners. It introduces students to a range of theories and concepts to facilitate the development of practical skills and personal attitudes necessary for success in tertiary study. Emphasis is placed on developing the key competencies such as time management, critical thinking, researching, learning how to learn and referencing.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0002 - Academic Skills for Health Science (WSTC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0002  Academic Skills for Health Science (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900099  

This unit is designed to assist students to become successful independent learners. It introduces students to a range of theories and concepts to facilitate the development of practical skills and personal attitudes necessary for success in tertiary study. Emphasis is placed on developing the key competencies such as time management, critical thinking, researching, learning how to learn and referencing.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0001 - Academic Skills for Health Science (UWSCFS)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0003  Academic Skills for Science (WSTC Prep)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700230  

This unit is designed to assist students to become successful independent reflective learners. It introduces students to a range of theories and concepts to facilitate the development of practical skills and personal attitudes necessary for success in tertiary study. Emphasis is placed on developing the key competencies of scientific enquiry - collecting, analysing, organising and communicating information as well as solving problems, particularly when related to using mathematical ideas and techniques.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0004  Academic Skills for Science (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900101  

This unit is designed to assist students to become successful independent reflective learners. It introduces students to a range of theories and concepts to facilitate the development of practical skills and personal attitudes necessary for success in tertiary study. Emphasis is placed on developing the key competencies of scientific enquiry - collecting, analysing, organising and communicating information as well as solving problems, particularly when related to using mathematical ideas and techniques.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0003 - Academic Skills for Science (UWSCFS)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0005  Foundations of Science (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900053  

This unit aims to provide students with sufficient knowledge of scientific facts and theories to provide the basis for further studies in science, engineering and technology. Emphasis is placed on developing the key competencies of scientific inquiry - collecting, analysing, organising and communicating information as well as solving problems, particularly when related to using mathematical ideas and techniques. Major areas of science - physics, chemistry and biology are represented within the unit and presented in context within an integrated framework.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0006  Fundamentals of Health Science (WSTC Prep)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700190  

The depth of knowledge and practical skills required by health professionals in the 21st century is very different to that which was required in the past. Medical treatment of illness and disease has become increasingly technical and health professionals are expected to work in partnership in determining patient care. In order to achieve this, today's health professional must have a basic understanding of the fundamental scientific principles behind health and disease. Increasingly, modern health science is concerned with maintaining health as a way of preventing disease and this is achieved through a holistic approach to the human condition. This unit is an introduction to the basic concepts in human body systems, health and disease, that is required in order to commence any tertiary health science course.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0016 - Science for Health Professionals (UWSC) NATS 0018 - Science for Health Science (UWSCFS)  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1023 - Introduction to Human Biology (WSTC) BIOS 1022 - Introduction to Human Biology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0007  Fundamentals of Science (WSTC Prep)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700231  

In its broadest sense, science is an evolving body of skills, theories and knowledge about the nature of the world, based on observation, measurement and experiment. In order to begin participating in tertiary science studies, students require a fundamental toolkit of scientific literacy that includes key concepts, language, and skills. This unit provides an overview of, and grounding in, fundamental scientific concepts including the nature of matter and energy, and the flow of energy and cycling of matter through key processes in the biosphere. Integrating these concepts within a framework of a contemporary issue, climate change, enables students to build skills in applying scientific concepts, methods and problem-solving techniques, as well as furthering an understanding of interrelationships between science and other aspects of society. The unit imparts a basic body of essential scientific knowledge, as well as facilitating skills in collecting and analysing information and writing coherent explanations within a scientific framework.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0008 - Fundamentals of Science (WSTC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0008  Fundamentals of Science (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900105  

In its broadest sense, science is an evolving body of skills, theories and knowledge about the nature of the world, based on observation, measurement and experiment. In order to begin participating in tertiary science studies, students require a fundamental toolkit of scientific literacy that includes key concepts, language, and skills. This unit provides an overview of, and grounding in, fundamental scientific concepts including the nature of matter and energy, and the flow of energy and cycling of matter through key processes in the biosphere. Integrating these concepts within a framework of a contemporary issue, climate change, enables students to build skills in applying scientific concepts, methods and problem-solving techniques, as well as furthering an understanding of interrelationships between science and other aspects of society. The unit imparts a basic body of essential scientific knowledge, as well as facilitating skills in collecting and analysing information and writing coherent explanations within a scientific framework.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0007 - Fundamentals of Science (UWSCFS)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0009  Health Communication (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900081  

Health Care Professionals work in an environment where a high level of communication with others is of paramount importance. Oral, written and interpersonal communication skills form the cornerstone of good professional practice. This unit is designed to help students develop self-awareness, increase their confidence and skills in communicating with others in preparation for the practicum experiences during their undergraduate studies.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYB 1382 - Nursing Communication (UWSC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0010  Interpreting Data In Science (WSTC Prep)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700287  

Science is a way of knowing about the world. It is a process of discovery whose product, an evolving body of scientific knowledge and technology, is a significant determinant of modern Western societies. Engaging with the content, process, and social functions of science requires foundational scientific literacy, including the ability to access multiple textual forms, to construct meaning, and to critically evaluate new information in a scientific framework. In this unit students will develop skills in scientific literacy through undertaking case studies of contemporary relevance. Emphasis is placed on key competencies in scientific academic writing - collecting, analysing, organising, interpreting and communicating information - as well as solving problems related to mathematical ideas and techniques.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0011  Science and Health Exchange Unit 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900636  
Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0012  Science and Health Exchange Unit 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900637  
Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0013  Science and Health Exchange Unit 3  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900638  
Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0014  Science and Health Exchange Unit 4  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900639  
Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0015  Science and Health Exchange Unit 5  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900640  
Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0016  Science for Health Professionals (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900090  

The depth of knowledge and practical skills required by health professionals in the 21st century is very different to that which was required in the past. Medical treatment of illness and disease has become increasingly technical and health professionals are expected to work in partnership to determine patient care. In order to achieve this, today's health professional must have a basic understanding of the fundamental scientific principles behind health and disease. Increasingly, modern health science is concerned with maintaining health as a way of preventing disease and this is achieved through a holistic approach to the human condition. This unit is an introduction to the basic concepts in human body systems, health and disease, that are required in order to commence any tertiary health science course.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0017 - Science for Health Science (WSTC)
NATS 0018 - Science for Health Science (WSTC Prep)
LGYB 1383 - Science for Nursing (WSTC)
  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0018  Science for Health Science (WSTC Prep)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700059  

From 2015, this unit is replaced by 700190 - Fundamentals of Health Science (UWSCFS). The depth of knowledge and practical skills required by health professionals in the 21st century are very different to that which were required in the past. Medical treatment of illness and disease has become increasingly technical and health professionals are expected to work in partnership in determining patient care. In order to achieve this, today's health professional must have a basic understanding of the fundamental scientific principles behind both the diseases and their treatments. Increasingly, modern health science is concerned with maintaining health as a way of preventing disease and this is achieved through a holistic approach to the human state. This course is an introduction to the basic concepts in physics, chemistry and biology that will be required in order to commence any tertiary health science course.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 0006 - Fundamentals of Health Science (WSTC Prep) NATS 0017 - Science for Health Science (UWSC) LGYB 1383 - Science for Nursing (UWSC) NATS 0016 - Science for Health Professionals (WSTC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0019  Scientific Method (WSTC)  (5 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900038  

The unit Scientific Method is designed to encourage those intending tertiary study in science and computing to use their knowledge of science and technology, together with strategies of design, to solve practical and ideological problems.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0020  Skills for Health Science (WSTC)  (5 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900112  

This unit is designed to give students skills in health science to become successful independent reflective learners in health sciences. It introduces students to a range of theories and concepts to facilitate the development of referencing conventions used in health science as well as practical skills and personal attitudes necessary for success in tertiary study and eLearning. Emphasis is placed on developing the key competencies of inquiry - analysing, organising, researching and communicating information as well as problem solving.

Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 0021  Skills for Science (WSTC)  (5 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 900113  
Level: Undergraduate Level 0 Preparatory subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1001  Concepts in Human Anatomy  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301126  

This unit provides a basic understanding of human embryological development, anatomical terminology, and a range of foundation concepts in human anatomy. Students must attend a 'wet' laboratory session where the learning of anatomy will be enhanced through the study of human cadaveric material. Wet laboratory sessions are not available on all campuses, and therefore students will need to travel to other campuses in order to attend.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1013 - Introduction to Anatomy
NATS 1002- Concepts in Human Anatomy (WSTC)
  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1002  Concepts in Human Anatomy (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700266  

This unit provides a basic understanding of human embryological development, anatomical terminology, and a range of foundation concepts in human anatomy. Students must attend a 'wet' laboratory session where the learning of anatomy will be enhanced through the study of human cadaveric material. Wet laboratory sessions are not available on the Nirimba campus, and therefore students will need to travel to Campbelltown in order to attend these sessions.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1001 - Concepts in Human Anatomy  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1003  Digital Forensic Photography  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300874  

Forensic photography serves an important function within forensic science for the purpose of scene and item documentation, as well as the detection and enhancement of forensic evidence. This unit introduces the student to the fundamental principles and practices of forensic photography. Topics include: principles of light science, digital imaging, camera and lighting operations, technical photography composition, and the maintenance of image integrity.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1008  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2012 - Digital Forensic Photography 1  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1004  Drugs on Line  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 400961  

This unit deals with selected issues in drug use, misuse and abuse. An introductory section discusses mechanisms of drug action in the body and their likely effects. Some topical areas include; drugs in society (illicit drug taking and drug taking in sports), antidepressants and weight management therapeutic agents, and the exploration of complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) in Australian society.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1005 - Drugs On Line  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1008  Forensic Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300806  

This unit aims to give students a basic understanding of scientific methodology as it applies to the collection, analysis and interpretation of forensic evidence. Students are introduced to a range of crime scene investigation methods and analysis methods that are used with various types of forensic evidence. The concept of individualisation is introduced and the importance of this concept in forensic science is explained. Case studies are used to explain the concepts discussed in this unit. The role of human factors is discussed, together with the importance of critically evaluating forensic evidence and the means by which it was obtained.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1006 - Forensic Science NATS 1007 - Forensic Science  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1009  Human Anatomy and Physiology 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 400868  

This is the first of two units covering systematic anatomy and physiology at an introductory level. This unit is designed to provide students in applied health science programs with an overview of body systems and their functions to ensure a suitable basis for their future studies. The unit studies the basic concepts of biochemistry and histology, general anatomy and physiology of the major body systems including the central and peripheral nervous systems, integumentary system, musculoskeletal system (bones, muscles and joints), special senses and endocrine system. Emphasis will be placed on the interconnection and relationship between structure and function at every level of organisation.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Incompatible Subjects: LGYA 5933 Introduction to Anatomy and Histology BIOS 1024 Introduction to Human Physiology BIOS 1022 Introduction to Human Biology NATS 1015 Introduction to Anatomy and Histology NATS 1017 Introduction to Human Physiology NATS 1012 Introduction to Anatomy LGYA 7033 Human Medical Science 1 BIOS 1018 Human Medical Science 2  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1010  Human Anatomy and Physiology 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 400869  

Human Anatomy and Physiology 2 systematically covers anatomy and physiology at an introductory level. This unit is designed to provide students, especially those in clinical health science programs, with an overview of body systems and their functions, to ensure a suitable basis for their future studies. The unit studies the basic structure and function of the major body systems such as cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive and lymphatic. This unit also explores the physiological processes involved in the immune response, cell metabolism, regulation of body fluids and acid-base balance. Emphasis is placed on the interconnection and relationship between structure and function at every level of organisation.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Incompatible Subjects: LGYA 5933 - Introduction to Human Anatomy and Histology BIOS 1024 - Introduction to Human Physiology BIOS 1018 - Human Medical Sciences 2 LGYA 7033 - Human Medical Sciences 1 NATS 1013 - Introduction to Anatomy NATS 1015 - Introduction to Anatomy and Histology NATS 1017 - Introduction to Human Physiology BIOS 1025 - Introduction to Physiology NATS 1012 - Introduction to Anatomy  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1019  Scientific Literacy  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300811  

This unit is designed to provide students with scientific literacy, personal and employability skills and attitudes required to successfully undertake science-related undergraduate studies and to prepare for professional life. Students learn, develop and utilise academic and interpersonal methodologies and approaches within the context of applied scientific principles and take responsibility for their own learning and develop a work ethic. Students are introduced to the contestable and uncertain nature of science and the scientific method that underpins academic integrity and ethical behaviour. Activities encourage development of oral and written communication skills, self-confidence, self-efficacy, creative and critical thinking through problem solving, group process, and peer support and assessment. Academic and employability skills include scientific reading and writing, time management, researching scientific information and library skills, oral presentation, taking tests and exams, effective personal and group based learning strategies, and approaches to online learning.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1018 - Professional Skills for Science NATS 1020 - Scientific Literacy (WSTC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1020  Scientific Literacy (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700124  

This unit is designed to provide students with scientific literacy, personal and employability skills and attitudes required to successfully undertake science-related undergraduate studies and to prepare for professional life. Students learn, develop and utilise academic and interpersonal methodologies and approaches within the context of applied scientific principles and take responsibility for their own learning and develop a work ethic. Students are introduced to the contestable and uncertain nature of science and the scientific method that underpins academic integrity and ethical behaviour. Activities encourage development of oral and written communication skills, self-confidence, self-efficacy, creative and critical thinking through problem solving, group process and peer support and assessment. Academic and employability skills include scientific reading and writing, time management, researching scientific information and library skills, oral presentation, taking tests and exams, effective personal and group based learning strategies and approaches to online learning.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1018 - Professional Skills for Science LGYB 0464 - Professional Skills for Science (UWSC) NATS 1019 - Scientific Literacy  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1021  Concepts in Human Physiology (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700295  

This unit introduces the core concepts and terminology necessary to provide a basic understanding of the physiological responses of the human body using relevant examples. These include the processes of homeostasis, cell-cell interactions and the physical and chemical transport processes that are required to carry out integrated functions. Students will explore these key physiological concepts through practical hands-on experiments and in interactive group work in prac and tutorial classes, respectively. The unit provides the foundation to study the physiology of human organ systems.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: BIOS 1033 Concepts in Human Physiology  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1025 Introduction to Physiology
NATS 1009 Human Anatomy Physiology 1
BIOS 1022 Introduction to Human Biology
BIOS 1026 Introduction to Physiology (WSTC)
  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1022  Functional Anatomy  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401410  

From 2020 this unit replaces 400881 - Functional Anatomy. This unit covers in depth the functional anatomy of the musculoskeletal system. Special attention is given to the relationship between form and function, the terminology used to describe human movement and thorough knowledge of the bony landmarks, joints, muscle attachments, innervation, blood supply along with detailed actions of specific muscles and muscle groups. Emphasis is on a practical functional context with the relevance to clinical applications such as surface and imaging anatomy, and the anatomical basis of common injuries. Learning experience intends to stimulate proactive deep approach in learning anatomy motivated by the outcomes driven from specialist work within the Health professions.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1009  
Equivalent Subjects: BIOS 1019 - Human Medical Sciences 3 BIOS 1015 - Functional Anatomy  
Incompatible Subjects: LGYA 5933 - Introduction to Human Anatomy and Histology BIOS 1024 - Introduction to Human Physiology BIOS 1018 - Human Medical Sciences 2 NATS 2029 - The Appendicular Skeleton  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1023  Introduction to Physiology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301353  

From 2020 this unit replaces 300818 - Introduction to Physiology. This unit introduces the concept of homeostasis and critically examines examples of how the body systems are regulated and homeostatically controlled. The unit uses a body-systems approach to examine the physiology of tissues, organs and systems in order to develop an integrated view of the regulated functioning of the human body.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1017 - Introduction to Human Physiology LGYA 6186 - Physiology 1 BIOS 1026 - Introduction to Physiology (WSTC) BIOS 1025 - Introduction to Physiology  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1022 - Introduction to Human Biology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1024  Introduction to Physiology (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700302  

This unit introduces the concept of homeostasis and critically examines examples of how the body systems are regulated and homeostatically controlled. The unit uses a body-systems approach to examine the physiology of tissues, organs and systems in order to develop an integrated view of the regulated functioning of the human body.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1017 - Introduction to Human Physiology LGYA 6186 - Physiology 1 BIOS 1025 - Introduction to Physiology  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1022 - Introduction to Human Biology BIOS 1023 - Introduction to Human Biology (WSTC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1025  Management of Aquatic Environments (UG Cert)  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit introduces students to the physical, chemical and biological nature of water systems and the linkages to human activity. These linkages include a development of an appreciation of the essential services and broad uses and values of water in modern human society, and the natural environment. Students are challenged to examine the causes and effects of water pollution and environmental degradation. Students are introduced to scientific water sampling, analysis and reporting of water quality and pollution.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: BIOS 1028 Management of Aquatic Environments BIOS 1027 Management of Aquatic Environments BIOS 1034 Management of Aquatic Environments  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1026  Digital Forensic Photography (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  

Forensic photography serves an important function within forensic science for the purpose of scene and item documentation, as well as the detection and enhancement of forensic evidence. This unit introduces the student to the fundamental principles and practices of forensic photography. Topics include: principles of light science, digital imaging, camera and lighting operations, technical photography composition, and the maintenance of image integrity.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1027  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2012 Digital Forensic Photography 1 NATS 1003 Digital Forensic Photography  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 1027  Forensic Science (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit aims to give students a basic understanding of scientific methodology as it applies to the collection, analysis and interpretation of forensic evidence. Students are introduced to a range of crime scene investigation methods and analysis methods that are used with various types of forensic evidence. The concept of individualisation is introduced and the importance of this concept in forensic science is explained. Case studies are used to explain the concepts discussed in this unit. The role of human factors is discussed, together with the importance of critically evaluating forensic evidence and the means by which it was obtained.

Level: Undergraduate Level 1 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2001  Advanced Science Project A  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300937  

The unit is design to teach students what is required to successfully begin to answer a scientific question. It specially focuses on teaching students how to access and critically review literature on a given topic, chosen in consultation with a supervisor in the student's preferred field of study. Students will present their findings in both written and poster formats. Students also attend a one day workshop where they engage with researchers in a wide variety of fields to broaden their understanding of research.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6165 - Advanced Science Research Project A  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2002  Advanced Science Project B  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300938  

This unit continues the students' training in thinking as a research scientist whilst developing analytical and critiquing skills in a range of science disciplines. Students will form hypothetical companies and develop a portfolio of scientific products that they will have to present as prospectus and in oral presentations. The students will have to assess the constraints of research having to address the WHS, gene technology, ethics and other legislative issues impacting their projects. Students will also have to manage budgets, market analyses and intellectual property issues.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 2001  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6166 - Advanced Science Project B  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2004  Anatomy of the Thorax and Abdomen  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300894  

This unit builds on the systems anatomy studied during first year, and explores the regional anatomy of the contents and walls of the human thorax and abdominopelvic cavities. Emphasis is placed on the relationship between structures, and the nexus between form and function. Cadaveric specimens are used in this unit to illustrate the array of normal anatomical variation.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1013 OR
NATS 1001 AND
NATS 1001 AND
LGYA 5773
  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5931 - Anatomy of the Thorax and Abdomen NATS 2003 - Anatomy of the Thorax and Abdomen  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2005  Appendicular Skeleton  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300898  

This musculoskeletal unit builds on the basic anatomy taught during the first year, offering a regional study of the human upper and lower limbs, including their respective girdles. Emphasis is placed on the identification and description of the structures, including the correlation of structure and function. Cadaveric specimens are used to aid the learning of these regions and their three-dimensional aspect, including the anatomical variation found in these regions.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1013 OR
NATS 1001
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2029 - The Appendicular Skeleton LGYA 5937 - The Appendicular Skeleton  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1015 - Functional Anatomy  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2006  Approved Industrial Experience  (0 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300655  

This is a "Work Experience" unit, for which no student contribution fee is charged, nor will it consume Student Learning Entitlement (SLE). Students are required to obtain at least ten weeks, vocationally relevant, industrial experience during their course of study. The aim of this is to provide students with opportunities to apply theoretical concepts to real world situations, assisting their personal and professional development. Approved industrial experience aims to provide flexibility for students to pursue areas of interest and to assist in their selection of appropriate elective units in their course and to met the professional accreditation requirements as maybe required in your key program. Students are required to organise, formalise and validate at least ten weeks of university approved industry experience within an industrial, commercial or government situation during the course of their study.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2007 - Approved Industrial Experience LGYB 8194 - Approved Industrial Experience  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2008  Clinical Pharmacology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 400981  

This unit explores in depth clinical pharmacology fundamental to the practice of allied health (Physiotherapy, Podiatric Medicine and Paramedicine) and complementary medicine (Traditional Chinese Medicine). General principles of pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics will be discussed. Key drug categories affecting the main body systems will be introduced in terms of their mechanisms of action, adverse reactions and clinical applications. In the context of antimicrobial pharmacology, general concepts of microbiology will be introduced offering students an understanding of the causative microorganisms, the complex relationship between host and pathogen, the pharmacological actions of antimicrobial drugs and the principles of infection control.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 2029  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 7037 - Clinical Pharmacology and Microbiology  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 2026 - Pharmacology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2010  Crime Scene Investigation  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300873  

A substantial amount of forensic evidence used in the prosecution of criminal cases is initially established at the crime scene. Recognising, detecting, recovering, preserving and recording this evidence forms a critical function within forensic science and criminal investigation. This unit introduces the student to a range of crime scene practices that provides the knowledge and skill to interpret a complex scene with voluminous detail, into a more specifically targeted range of forensic evidence items. This unit will explore aspects of crime scene investigation including; crime scene processes, recognition of evidence, documentation of crime scenes, evidence detection and enhancement, and maintaining evidence integrity. It also introduces professional practices associated with maintaining evidence integrity and continuity.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1008 AND
NATS 1003
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2011 - Crime Scene Investigation  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 2014 - Evidence Crime Scene Management  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2015  Evidence and Crime Scene Management  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300935  

Evidence and Crime Scene Management is a unit designed to provide students with an understanding and knowledge of critical principles associated with the management of evidence and sites considered as crime scenes. The unit is particularly designed for students wishing to enter professional domains involving; policing, nursing, animal welfare, workplace investigators, health inspectors, WHS officers, fire investigation, council and park rangers, social welfare, environmental protection, fraud and insurance investigation and others where the collection of evidence is a component of professional practice within the discipline. The unit covers topics such as; recognition of various evidence, the recording and documentation of evidence, crime scene or site photography, managing scenes, maintaining evidence integrity, sexual assault evidence, the reporting and presentation of evidence in court and others.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2014 - Evidence and Crime Scene Management  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 2010 - Crime Scene Investigation  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2019  Forensic and Environmental Analysis  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300843  

This unit extends the student's knowledge and experience of analytical techniques by applying them to forensic investigations and analysis in the environmental and food sciences. It will provide an understanding of the chemical and physical principles underlying the use of instrumentation in chemical analysis. Topics include principles of spectroscopic techniques, separation methods; sample collection and storage; presumptive testing; modern chemical instrumentation for gas and liquid chromatography; atomic spectroscopy; mass spectroscopy; x-ray methods and spectroscopic methods.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): CHEM 1003 OR
CHEM 1008
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2018 - Forensic and Environmental Analysis  
Incompatible Subjects: CHEM 2001 - Analytical Chemistry and CHEM 2002 - Analytical Chemistry 2  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2021  Imaging Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401171  

Imaging science is a key area within the forensic sciences. This unit explores the application of imaging science and forensic photography practices to detect, preserve, enhance and examine forensic evidence. The unit focuses on optical and digital enhancement methods that provide essential non-destructive methods for evidence preservation and analysis. The unit provides the learner with necessary theoretical concepts of imaging science that underpin the practice of forensic photographic evidence.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1008  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2013 - Digital Forensic Photography 2 NATS 2022 - Imaging Science and Photograhic Evidence  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2023  Integrated Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300931  

Science and the scientific process of discovery have been successful in offering explanations for the world we live in. Due to scientific advances, we have eradicated some disease, explored the moon and the deepest parts of our oceans and created communication across distances on the planet previously unimaginable. We now face the major challenge of creating a future world which is sustainable for life on Earth. Solving our contemporary complex human and environmental issues to create a sustainable future, however, requires integrative and multidisciplinary research frameworks, an understanding of the relationship between science and society including cultural, social, economic and political and ethical factors. Students will critically examine such perspectives in a series of contemporary 'real-life' case studies such as climate change, medical breakthroughs, biodiversity loss, environmental sustainability and human-animal interactions. They will undertake research into the relationship of science integrated with society, and the uncertainty and bias of evidence in decision making.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1011 - Integrated Science AGEN 2001 - Science in Society NATS 2024 - Integrated Science (WSTC)  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2024  Integrated Science (WSTC)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 700096  

Science and the scientific process of discovery have been successful in offering explanations for the world we live in. Due to scientific advances, we have eradicated some disease, explored the moon and the deepest parts of our oceans and created communication across distances on the planet previously unimaginable. We now face the major challenge of creating a future world which is sustainable for life on Earth. Solving our contemporary complex human and environmental issues to create a sustainable future, however, requires integrative and multidisciplinary research frameworks, an understanding of the relationship between science and society including cultural, social, economic, political and ethical factors. Students will critically examine such perspectives in a series of contemporary 'real-life' case studies such as climate change, indigenous health, medical breakthroughs, biodiversity loss, environmental sustainability and human-animal interactions. They will undertake research into the relationship of science integrated with society, and the uncertainty and bias of evidence in decision making. They will demonstrate their understanding by analysis of a contemporary issue by producing a scientific report and a powerpoint or video.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1011 - Integrated Science 1 AGEN 2001 - Science in Society NATS 2023 - Integrated Science  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2025  Natural Science Research Methods  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300932  

This unit aims to introduce students to the theories and practices underpinning the scientific processes. Students will learn to identify an issue, review the literature to identify gap(s) and formulate a hypothesis or a question to address the gap(s). Students will then explore research methods and designs to safely and ethically conduct an experiment or study to collect data to answer the hypothesis/question. They will also learn to analyse and interpret the data and report on the findings of the research in a written format. The unit is structured so that lectures will provide theoretical expertise and workshops will reinforce student learning with practical experience. This knowledge and skills are essential for stage 3 units and a career in science.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5920 - Research Communities and their Environments NATS 2028 - Research Methods LGYA 6151 - Animal Research  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2027  Pharmacology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300884  

Pharmacology is the study of the therapeutic interactions of drugs with the human body, focusing on mechanisms of action at the biochemical and cellular level, on adverse reactions and on clinical applications. This unit provides students with a sound understanding of fundamental aspects of this field to prepare for further study of advanced pharmacology or other biomedical sciences. General principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, will be discussed in detail. The major drug categories that affect different organ systems will be addressed, and research methods in pharmacology and the drug development process will also be introduced.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1025 OR
BIOS 1026 OR
BIOS 1033 OR
BIOS 1033
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2026 - Pharmacology  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 2008 - Clinical Pharmacology LGYA 7037 - Clinical Pharmacology and Microbiology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2031  Toxicology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300877  

Toxicology is the study of toxicants or poisonous substances: their nature, effects on the human body, and on human, animal and plant populations. Poisonous substances have been used by humans from antiquity for both beneficial and malevolent purposes and today a vast array of toxic industrial chemicals are produced. Both accidental (workplace and environmental) and intentional (forensic) exposure are covered, in terms of group properties, chronic and acute, toxicity, exposure potential, health impact and intervention are presented through forensic case studies. Students carry out a toxicology audit of an operation or premises of their choice.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2030 - Toxicology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2032  Work Integrated Learning in Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301161  

This unit will provide second and third year science students with an opportunity to undertake a short work placement within a professional organisation. The placement will allow students to observe and develop professional skills and behaviour and integrate theoretical and practical science knowledge and conventions into a real world setting. During the semester preceding the placement students need to complete three career preparation workshops run by Western Sydney University Careers and attend a Pre-Placement seminar run by the unit coordinator. These will aid students in finding their own placement. Prior to the placement, and in consultation with the unit coordinator and the workplace supervisor, students will develop a Professional Task to accomplish during the placement. The task will enhance their workplace skills and highlight how their science knowledge can be adapted and integrated into a professional career. The unit aims to promote greater engagement with career planning and progression and hence improve job readiness.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2033  Cell Form and Function  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301267  

This unit will develop a comprehensive understanding of eukaryotic cellular components, with an emphasis on animal cells. The unit will focus on distinct functions of organelles/cellular structures, the relevant mechanisms involved, and the broader role of such functions in a whole cell context. The unit will encompass a detailed study of cellular components including: the nucleus, ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, the plasma and organellar membranes, mitochondria, peroxisomes and the cytoskeleton. This unit will also investigate how organellar function is relevant to an appropriately functioning cell, and how cell dysfunction impacts the cell and leads to disease. The unit covers contemporary techniques used to study cells including: cell culture, advanced cell imaging, a range of investigative and analysis techniques, and additional experimental approaches enabling thorough understanding of the incredibly fascinating yet complex nature of cells.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1012  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2034  Human Systems Physiology 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301269  

This unit builds upon the core concepts and terminology introduced in Concepts in Physiology, focussing on the function of body organ systems, exploring the knowledge of how these organ systems are regulated, integrated, and function within the human body. The focus will be on the muscular, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory and endocrine organ systems. Students will collect, interpret and analyse data to develop an understanding of the physiological responses of the human body.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1033  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1025 - Introduction to Physiology
NATS 1009 - Human Anatomy Physiology 1
BIOS 1022 - Introduction to Human Biology
  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2035  Human Systems Physiology 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301270  

Human Systems Physiology 2 builds upon the core concepts and terminology introduced in Concepts in Physiology and Human Systems Physiology 1, focusing on the function of visceral organs and explore how these organ systems are regulated, integrated, and function within the human body. The focus will be on the lymphatic, immune, digestive, renal and reproductive systems. Students will collect, interpret and analyse data to develop an understanding of the physiological responses of the human body.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1033  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 1025 - Introduction to Physiology
NATS 1009 - Human Anatomy Physiology 2
BIOS 1022 - Introduction to Human Biology
NATS 1009 - Human Anatomy Physiology 1
  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2036  Immunology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301354  

From 2020 this unit replaces 300847 - Immunology. This unit aims to provide students with an understanding of the structure and function of the immune system, and particularly highlights common and unique systems that exist across kingdoms and phyla. A foundation is built by examining the organs and cells of the human immune system. The peculiarities associated with the immune systems of marsupials, due to their early developmental stage at birth, will also be examined. Students will also develop laboratory expertise that involves immunological principles, investigative proficiency, and science communication skills, leading to understanding the knowledge base through self-learning and group work.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 2014  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5863 - Immunology BIOS 2020 - Immunology  
Incompatible Subjects: LGYA 5857 - Cell Signalling and Molecular Immunology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2037  Pathological Basis of Disease  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301356  

From 2020 this unit replaces 300889 - Pathological Basis of Disease. Pathology is the study of disease. Students will gain an understanding of human pathogenesis, general and systems pathological processes, and the scientific basis of diagnostic and treatment options. The unit also introduces normal human tissue and organ histology, and examines histopathological changes evident in disease states.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2038  Pathophysiology 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401407  

This unit is intended for students enrolled in a range of health science courses within the School of Science and Health. It is designed to equip students with a detailed knowledge of pathophysiological processes evident in a number of key human diseases that are vocationally relevant to these students. The content is organised using a systems based approach. Problem-based learning methods will be adopted in the tutorial component of this unit to help students develop crucial problem solving skills.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1009 AND
NATS 1010
  
Incompatible Subjects: BIOS 2028 - Pathological Basis of Disease or NATS 2037 Pathological Basis of Disease  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2039  Pathophysiology 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401409  

From 2020 this unit replaces 400267 - Pathophysiology. This unit extends the scope of topics explored in Pathophysiology 1 and is designed to equip students enrolled in health science courses of the School with detailed knowledge of pathophysiological processes evident in a number of key human diseases that are vocationally relevant to these students. Problem-based learning methods will be adopted in the tutorial component of this unit to help students develop crucial problem solving skills.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 2037 OR
NATS 2038
  
Equivalent Subjects: BIOS 2030 - Pathophysiology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2040  Physical Activity, Nutrition and Health  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401411  

From 2020 this unit replaces 400892 - Physical Activity, Nutrition and Health. This unit examines the interdependence between physical activity, nutrition and health and the role of key lifestyle behaviours in improving health outcomes, longevity, and quality of life. Throughout this theoretical and practical unit, students explore personal and socio-cultural health issues, and identify how these health issues can be addressed in a proactive, holistic, and sustainable manner at an individual and population level.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: HLTH 1007 - Nutrition Physical Activity Mental Health HLTH 2019 - Physical Activity Nutrition and Health  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2041  Experimental Foods  (10 Credit Points)  

Developing innovative foods requires an understanding of food science and the principles that are applied when experimenting with food ingredients and processes. This unit will enable you to gain the scientific knowledge and methodology skills the food industry employs in the sustainable production of nutritious, healthy and appealing foods. Understanding the physical and chemical properties of, and current process techniques to produce different food types, will enable you to develop attributes required by the world's largest employment sector.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 2042  Science Research Methods  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit aims to introduce students to the theories and practices underpinning the scientific processes. Students will learn to identify an issue, review the literature to identify gap(s) and formulate a hypothesis or a question to address the gap(s). Students will then explore research methods and designs to safely and ethically conduct an experiment or study to collect data to answer the hypothesis/question. They will also learn to analyse and interpret the data and report on the findings of the research in a written format. The unit is structured so that lectures will provide theoretical expertise and workshops will reinforce student learning with practical experience. This knowledge and skills are essential for stage 3 units and a career in science.

Level: Undergraduate Level 2 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5920 - Research Communities and their Environments NATS 2028 - Research Methods LGYA 6151 - Animal Research NATS 2025 - Natural Science Research Methods  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3001  Advanced Immunology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300905  

The human immune system is a milieu of cells, cytokines, chemokines, growth factors and cell adhesion molecules which form an elaborate molecular communication network through a number of signalling networks and molecules. The relevance of this knowledge for understanding the pathology and specific diseases of the human immune system are emphasised through the unit. This unit also provides an in depth analysis of the molecular mechanisms of cell to cell communication, cell activation, the immunological synapse, transplant rejection (including adoptive transfer experimentation), antigen presentation, B and T cell recruitment and MHC restriction. Medical and diagnostic applications of hybridoma technology, antibody engineering and advances in vaccine development are discussed. The laboratory course will develop technical and interpretative skills in relevant techniques, in particular the ImmunoCAP technology for asthma and allergy diagnosis.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 2014  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3033 - Molecular Biological of the Immune System  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3002  Advanced Medicinal Chemistry  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300891  

Medicinal Chemistry is an interdisciplinary science that exists at the intersection of chemistry, pharmacology, physiology and human health. Students will explore the multidisciplinary nature and interconnectedness of medicinal chemistry through in-depth study of topics that relate medicinal chemistry to disciplines such as physiology, natural product science, biochemistry and pharmacology. It will also explore the expectations of a professional medicinal chemist.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): CHEM 1005  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3003  Advanced Mortuary Practice  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301128  

This unit further develops skills in a forensic mortuary practice. Students will undertake a placement within a NSW Forensic and Analytical Science Service (FASS) facility or NSW Organ and Tissue Donation Service. This unit, together with completion of 301127 Mortuary Practice is essential for graduates of this course seeking employment as a forensic technician with FASS.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 3036  
Co-requisite(s): NATS 3006  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3004  Advanced Science Project C  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300910  

This unit advances the students' training in thinking as a research scientist whilst developing practical skills in a particular area of interest. The student undertakes a minor research project under supervision, during which they plan how to answer a research problem, conduct research and present their findings in a research paper format and seminar.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 2002  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6169 - Advanced Science Research Project C  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3006  Anatomy of the Head and Neck  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300897  

This unit builds on the systems anatomy taught during the first year, offering a regional study of the human head & neck. Emphasis is placed on the identification and description of the structures, including the correlation of structure and function. Cadaveric specimens are used to aid the learning of these regions and their three-dimensional aspect, including the anatomical variation found in these regions.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1013 OR
NATS 1001
  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5930 - Anatomy of the Head and Neck NATS 3005 - Anatomy of the Head and Neck  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3008  Complex Forensic Studies  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300911  

This is an advanced and integrating capstone unit for students studying forensic science. It incorporates previous science, forensic science and social science units to form a comprehensive examination of the functionality of forensic evidence within the contemporary Australian judicial system. This capstone highlights the needs for an interdisciplinary approach to define and critique forensic science evidence from various perspectives including science, law, criminology, policing and social science. Students are required to use their skills and knowledge with additional independent research and inquiry using a range of set literature. The unit will study a range of contemporary issues including how the judicial system evaluates the reliability of evidence from an admissibility threshold, identification evidence from CCTV, contextual bias with forensic examination, contamination issues with forensic evidence and methods of expressing forensic findings and/or significance.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 2010 AND
NATS 2019 AND
NATS 1008 AND
NATS 2022 OR
NATS 2021
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3007 - Complex Forensic Case Studies  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3009  Consumer Issues in Nutrition  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300928  

This unit explores current food and nutrition issues. It introduces students to the factors that influence public health nutrition and explores (a) the contribution food systems and food security makes to consumer wellbeing; (b) the changing global marketplace and the impact of globalisation on food security and ecological sustainability; and (c) the complex inter-connections between government policy, globalisation, consumerism and human health. Students will assess nutritional status from available data and explore the role of community food systems. Students will also be introduced to social research methods and plan a social research study to address a nutrition related issue.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2009 - Consumer Issues in Nutrition  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3010  Culinary Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300871  

This unit applies scientific principles to the development, preparation and presentation of food products. Students are encouraged to become autonomous learners through problem-solving activities and experiential techniques. Students integrate and apply knowledge and skills from areas such as chemistry, biology, food science and nutrition to nutritionally focussed food products. Students are encouraged to keep abreast of food trends in the dynamic food industry as well as current nutritional issues within domestic, multicultural and indigenous communities. Students will utilise prior knowledge and skills to address specific nutritional issues and the development of new food products to fit within these boundaries.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 3014  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3011 - Culinary Science LGYA 6198 - Culinary Studies  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3012  Environmental Forensic Investigations  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300981  

This unit examines the forensic processes required to conduct investigations into environmental crime and incidents. The unit extends the student's knowledge and understanding of forensic science concepts to environmental scenarios, including illegal dumping, spills and water pollution incidents. The unit will discuss how scenes are investigated, what methods and techniques are used to analyse environmental samples, and how the results are interpreted and presented in the NSW Land and Environment Court. Factors effecting the collection, analysis and interpretation of evidence, such as weathering, are also discussed, as these are crucial to understand the scenes and to correctly present evidence in court.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1008 AND
NATS 2019
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2017 - Forensic Analysis of Physical Evidence LGYA 6259 - Forensic Biology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3014  Experimental Foods  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300879  

This unit aims to build on students' knowledge of food preparation gained in Food Science 1 and 2, the focus of this unit includes; food science and principles, the interaction of ingredients and the added effects of physical procedures on the end product. Students develop advanced scientific methodologies to give reproducibility. This is a recommended unit for those intending to advance in the areas of recipe development and new product development.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): PROC 1002 AND
PROC 2001
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3013 - Experimental Foods  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3015  Field Project 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300913  

Unit 300913 Field Project 1 and the associated unit 300914 Field Project 2 are designed as capstone units of study for either the Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Natural Science degrees. They draw together the skills acquired in previous years of the course and apply them in the context of either a six-month or a year-long research project exploring a real world problem on behalf of an industry, government or community agency client. The student will develop skills in scoping, planning, implementing, reporting on the research project; reflecting on what has been learned in the context of their personal and professional development and how this can be used in future career planning. In this Field Project 1 unit the focus is on developing skills in designing an appropriate research project in collaboration with the industry client, contextualising the problem and appropriate research methods in the academic literature, developing and implementing a pilot study to test the proposed research methods, and reporting the results. Note: Students enrolling in the external offering of this unit must be externally enrolled in either the Bachelor of Science (Environmental Health) or Bachelor of Natural Science (Environment and Health) degrees. All other students enrolling externally will need Unit Coordinator approval.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 2028 OR
NATS 2025
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3016 - Field Project 1  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3017  Field Project 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300914  

Field Project 2 allows the student to extend the research project undertaken as the pilot study in Field Project 1. Note: Students enrolling in the external offering of this unit must be externally enrolled in either the Bachelor of Science (Environmental Health) or Bachelor of Natural Science (Environment and Health) degrees. All other students enrolling externally will need Unit Coordinator approval. Students who completed the Field Project 1 Unit in a previous year (i.e. are not continuing directly into this unit) will need to demonstrate that they have the data from this earlier Unit that can be used to produce an analysis and a report for their original client.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 3015  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3018 - Field Project 2  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3020  Food Safety  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300859  

Food safety is rapidly evolving with the emergence of new foodborne diseases, changing disease patterns, evolving approaches to risk analysis and an emerging requirement that food producers, processors, handlers and consumers take shared responsibility for food safety. This unit aims to equip students with the necessary skills to identify, evaluate and control foodborne hazards in order to protect the safety and quality of the food supply and reduce associated risks to human health. Content includes the key elements of food safety and regulation, food contamination, food spoilage agents, foodborne hazards, principles of good hygienic practice and preservation in food production, preparation and distribution.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 2016 OR
BIOS 2022
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3021 - Food Safety  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3023  Forensic Anthropology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301120  

The objectives of this unit are to gain an understanding of the changes to the human body from death to discovery and how we can use the biological variability of humans to assist in the identification of human remains. Students will learn the fundamentals of detection, excavation and identification of human and non-human remains and learn how to prepare their findings for court. Students will be required to apply the knowledge gained during lectures to a practical based excavation, analysis and preparation of a case file.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 1008 AND
NATS 1013 OR
NATS 1001 AND
NATS 2010 OR
NATS 2015
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3025 - Forensic Archaeology NATS 3024 - Forensic Archaeology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3026  Forensic Biology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401170  

This unit is designed to extend your knowledge and understanding regarding forensic biology and its relevance to forensic investigations. You will gain experience and understanding regarding the recognition and collection of biologically relevant evidence (including blood, semen and saliva), through to the application of presumptive testing, confirmatory testing, DNA profiling methods and evidence reporting. There is a focus on front-end forensic biology work (item examination, presumptive testing, DNA recovery via swabbing and isolation of biological material) coupled with a theoretical understanding of the scientific principles that underpin current DNA analysis techniques, presumptive tests and DNA profiling results.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 2026 AND
BIOS 2018
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2017 - Forensic Analysis of Physical Evidence BIOS 3017 - Invertebrate Biology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3027  Laboratory Quality Management  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300883  

This capstone unit is directed towards the accreditation of a laboratory for chemical, microbiological or forensic testing, using the standards that are applicable in industry. The unit focuses upon the importance and coordination of good laboratory management, teamwork, calibration, record keeping and laboratory manuals. Groups of students are required to develop, establish and operate a comprehensive Laboratory Quality Management system designed for a specific class of chemical, microbiological or forensic test. The students' technical competence and quality system are then assessed using the guidelines laid down by the National Association of Testing Authorities (NATA).

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3029 - Laboratory Quality Management  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3030  Medical Microbiology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300826  

Infectious diseases worldwide are the most common cause of illness. Medical microbiology is subdivided into four areas: virology, bacteriology, mycology (the study of fungi) and parasitology. The rapid evolution of microbes means that this is an area that does not remain static. This unit has a modern approach to the study of the balance between the host, humans, and the very large army of potential invaders. Students will embark on a journey into the world of pathogenic micro-organisms exploring the molecular mechanisms by which these override host defences leading to disease. Infectious diseases of the human body systems as well those of the immunocompromised and infections contracted in the healthcare setting (nosocomial) are discussed. The theory will be supported with laboratory experience representing diagnostic procedures for the identification of infectious agents.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 2022  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5866 - Medical Microbiology NATS 3031 - Medical Microbiology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3032  Medical Science Project  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300892  

Students will undertake a short research project specific to the field of Medical Science. This will involve undertaking a review of the literature and generating appropriate hypotheses that will subsequently be tested and analysed. Findings will be presented orally and as a written manuscript.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6140 - Biomolecular Science Project NATS 3039 Science Research Project  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3034  Molecular Medicine  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300927  

Molecular Medicine is an inquiry based capstone unit that integrates core concepts in molecular and cell biology with a focus on cancer as a framework to discuss autoimmune, infectious and genetic diseases. This unit aims to enhance critical thinking for the professional environment and prepares students for future innovations in prevention, management and cure of catastrophic diseases. Current research, diagnosis, treatment and policy issues, related to health and disease states, are placed in the context of real world experiences and changing imperatives.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): Students are required to pass two units from the following - BIOS 3014 - Genes Genomics and Human Health BIOS 2018 - Genetics BIOS 2026 - Molecular Biology BIOS 2014 - Functional Proteins and Genes BIOS 2021 - Metabolism BIOS 3001 - Advanced Cell Biology  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6144 - Molecular Basis of Disease LGYA 6012 - Mamalian Molecular Medicine  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3035  Molecular Pharmacokinetics  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300912  

Molecular Pharmacokinetics builds on the fundamental chemical kinetic principles learnt in Physical Chemistry and extends them to the study of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of pharmaceutical drugs in human body. Upon completing this unit, students will gain a firm understanding of why the pharmacokinetic behaviour of a drug can be fully described by two key pharmacokinetic parameters (i.e. clearance and volume of distribution) and why the absorption rate of a drug can be predicted by examining its chemical structural features alone. Students will also gain the capability of designing dosage regimens for simplified pharmacokinetic scenarios and extracting important kinetic information from plasma drug concentration versus time data obtained experimentally.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): CHEM 2010  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6080 - Molecular Pharmacokinetics  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3037  Neuroanatomy  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300754  

This unit builds on the human anatomy and physiology studied in first and second year, equipping students with detailed knowledge of functional neuroanatomy, with particular emphasis on the central nervous system. Cadaver specimens are used to facilitate the learning of spatial relationships between structures. The study of neurological function and dysfunction integrates many previously learned scientific principles.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1025 OR
NATS 1009 OR
LGYA 5934 AND
NATS 2034
  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 5934 - Neuroanatomy LGYA 7786 - Clinical Neurosciences LGYA 7060 - Clinical Neurosciences  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3038  Quality Assurance and Food Analysis  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300922  

This unit covers the knowledge and tools required to maintain food quality. Students will develop an awareness of food laws, regulations and codes at the state, national and international levels. Students will be introduced to elementary toxicology and risk analysis as it applies to the regulation of food additives. The unit also integrates previous studies in HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) to develop deeper understanding of food quality assurance and quality management systems as they are applied to the control and management of the food supply. Students are introduced to the standard methods of analysis of foods as used for nutritional and quality assessment of foods. Practicals include determination of major and minor food components; functionality tests and sensory analysis of foods.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): PROC 2001  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6249 - Quality Assurance and Food Analysis  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 2016 - Food Processing and Analysis NATS 3019 - Food Quality Assurance LGYA 6092 - Quality Assurance and Food Safety LGYB 8787 - Food Science and Technology Practicum 32 LGYB 8783 - Food Evaluation  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3039  Science Research Project  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300924  

Science Research Project is a final-year capstone unit that gives students an introduction to scientific research, while extending their knowledge and practical skills. Each student undertakes a research project supervised by an academic staff member. With the assistance of their supervisor, students will research the literature and define the problem to be studied, carry out a risk assessment, develop the appropriate experimental methods, carry out research on their project, and present a final written report and a poster or oral presentation. This unit offers a challenge to final-year students, and allows innovation by the student with respect to both method and research direction.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYA 6252 - Science Research Project  
Incompatible Subjects: LGYA 6201 - Science Research Project 2 LGYA 5927 - Chemistry Project 3 LGYB 9720 - Biological Science Project 3 LGYA 3545 - Chemistry Project LGYA 6140 - Biomolecular Science Project  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3040  Topics in Medical Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300893  

This unit builds on the content and concepts developed across multiple discipline areas during the Bachelor of Medical Science, integrating them together into the context of human health and disease. Students will work in groups to undertake an in depth exploration of an issue related to Medical Science. Topics addressed each year will vary, and will include issues currently at the forefront of Medical Science, issues for which there is currently significant scientific debate, and issues in which students have expressed a particular personal interest.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3041  Topics in Physiology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300819  

This unit builds on the physiological concepts of "Introduction to Physiology". It provides a greater depth and breadth of understanding of aspects of whole-body physiology which are explored in group work. Topics may include, but are not limited to, locomotion, physiology of reproductive technology, physiology of interaction between humans, physiology under extreme conditions (including pathophysiology), physiology of learning and memory, sleep physiology, animal physiology, nutritional physiology and others.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1025 OR
BIOS 2006 OR
BIOS 3002
  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3042 - Topics in Physiology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3043  Advanced Science Research Project C  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301258  

This is a 20 credit point year-long subject taken over two terms (10 credit points in each term). This subject provides a unique opportunity for Advanced Science and Advanced Medical Science students to work with and be mentored by academics in diverse areas of science. In this 20 credit point subject, students will complete a small research project aligned with the research activity of the academic and be integrated into the research environment of the School. Students will demonstrate time management skills, project design, data collection, analysis and communication. Students will be required to reflect on their capacity and areas of passion for transitioning into either further education or the workplace. Please note this subject is not timetabled so completion will be subject to approved timelines negotiated with the appropriate academic staff and subject co-ordinator. Students may be required to travel to a different campus or location to undertake this subject.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 2001  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3044  Complex Case Studies in Science  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301261  

Science and the scientific process of discovery have been successful in offering explanations for the world we live in. Even seemingly simple problems can disguise a far greater degree of complexity. Indeed, the more we develop our tools for scientific discovery the greater the degree of complexity that is revealed. Exploring and unravelling the complexity of the world we live in requires integrative and multidisciplinary research frameworks, and it can be complicated further by the relationship between science and society, culturally, socially, economically and politically. In this unit we will begin the life-long journey to develop the enquiring scientific mind by exploring the complexities of seemingly innocuous everyday elements. Students will critically examine such perspectives in a series of contemporary 'real-life' case studies such as foods and food security, medicines and drugs.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 1011 Integrated Science
AGEN 2001 Science in Society
NATS 2024 Integrated Science (UWSC)
  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 2023 Integrated Science  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3045  Work Internship for Science Professionals  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301259  

This unit will provide second and third year science students with an opportunity to undertake a short work placement within a professional organisation. The placement will allow students to observe and develop professional skills and behaviour and integrate theoretical and practical science knowledge and conventions into a real world setting. Students will find their own placement but may be aided by the Unit Coordinator. In consultation with the Unit Coordinator and the workplace supervisor, students will develop a Professional Task to accomplish during their placement. The Professional Task will enhance their workplace skills and highlight how their science knowledge can be adapted and integrated into a professional career. The unit will assure that students have job readiness. Students may need to travel to other campuses or locations to complete this unit.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 2032 Work Integrated Learning in Science  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3046  Advanced Physiology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301355  

From 2020 this unit replaces 300851 - Advanced Physiology. Physiology is the study of the way in which a living organism and its bodily parts function. This unit will examine integrative aspects of physiological control mechanisms comprising multiple organ systems and mechanisms of adaptation to environmental factors. It will focus on regulatory function of ion channels, neurophysiology, sensory physiology, motor control, metabolism, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Students will have the opportunity to independently research, in depth, an area of physiology pertinent to their interest.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): BIOS 1025 OR
BIOS 2006
  
Equivalent Subjects: BIOS 3016 - Human Physiology LGYA 5938 - Topics in Physiology BIOS 3002 - Advanced Physiology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3047  Applied Physiology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401412  

From 2020 this unit replaces 401146 - Applied Physiology. This unit focuses on the application of exercise physiology in sporting and physically demanding occupation contexts. Concepts covered include: muscular fatigue, soreness & recovery, General Adaption Syndrome Theory, testing, training and periodisation in an individualised approach to the client. Students will develop skills to appropriately: select, justify perform and evaluate a number of laboratory, field and functional tests; analyse, interpret and communicate test results; prepare, justify, implement and evaluate individualised training and recovery plans (long and short term); incorporate other sport and exercise science sub-disciplines into plans and appropriately adjust plans for environmental challenges.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): HLTH 2005 AND
HLTH 2004 AND
BIOS 2012
  
Equivalent Subjects: BIOS 3022 - Sport Physiology BIOS 3003 - Advanced Sport Physiology BIOS 3008 - Applied Physiology  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 3048  Food Formulations  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit applies scientific principles to the development, preparation and presentation of food products. You will be encouraged to become autonomous learners through problem-solving activities and experiential techniques. You will integrate and apply knowledge and skills from areas such as chemistry, biology, food science and nutrition to nutritionally focussed food products. You will also be encouraged to keep abreast of food trends in the dynamic food industry as well as current nutritional issues within domestic, multicultural and indigenous communities. Students will utilise prior knowledge and skills to address specific nutritional issues and the development of new food products to fit within these boundaries.

Level: Undergraduate Level 3 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: NATS 3011 - Culinary Science LGYA 6198 - Culinary Studies NATS 3010 - Culinary Science  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 6001  Introduction to Neuroscience  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit is an introduction to the nervous system with a focus on its role and the function. It provides a strong foundation in modern neuroscience for those wishing to apply the principles of sensory and motor system function with the aim of mimicking human biology via neuromorphic implementations. Students will have access to expertise from a multidisciplinary team, guiding their learning in the areas of cellular, computational, behavioural and biomedical neuroscience. Topics covered in the unit will include introductory biology, structure and function of the nervous system, computational modelling, bio-signal acquisition and signal processing.

Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7001  Advanced Criminalistics  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301151  

This unit is designed to provide an in-depth knowledge of the following eight evidence categories: glass, textile fibres, paint, fire debris, explosives, firearm discharge residues, illicit drugs, and hair. Each stand-alone module introduces the evidence type and its forensic significance, details the relevant distinguishing and discriminating characteristics for the trace material in question, presents the analytical techniques commonly applied in the criminalistics laboratory, and discusses data interpretation and evidential value. The unit is unique in terms of its coverage of these trace evidence categories from an operational forensic science perspective.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7002  Biological Agents 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301154  

This unit introduces students to the key concepts involved in Biosecurity and Microbial Forensics, with a focus on understanding the types of biological agents that pose potential security risks and the system and practices involved in investigation and management of potential threats.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7003  Biological Agents 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301155  

This unit builds on the knowledge gained in the Biological Agents 1 and develops students' understanding of the tools and processes involved in the field of biosecurity. This unit is taught by the University of Canberra as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Canberra and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Canberra.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7004  Blood Distribution and Spatter  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301149  

This unit will provide an in-depth review of the principles of blood spatter creation, and blood stain interpretation as it pertains to biological evidence. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7005  Chinese Medicine Specialities 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 400687  

This unit will enable practitioners to extend their understanding of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnosis and management of a range of gastrointestinal and paediatric disorders. A feature of this unit is the integration of TCM and western medical approaches. Treatment will focus on acupuncture with common patent Chinese herbal medicine treatments included.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7006  Crime Scene Investigation (PG)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301131  

A substantial amount of forensic evidence used in the prosecution of criminal cases is initially established at the crime scene. Recognising, detecting, recovering, preserving and recording this evidence forms a critical function within forensic science and criminal investigation. This unit explores the main aspects of crime scene investigation, including: crime scene processes, recognition of evidence, documentation of crime scenes, evidence detection and enhancement, maintaining evidence integrity, and bloodstain pattern analysis. It also covers professional practices associated with evidence handling and case file management.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7007  Drug Biotransformation and Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicity  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301139  

This unit provides a strong conceptual foundation of enzymology and mechanisms of drug biotransformation pathways. As a foundation for learning we will provide examples of drugs and other xenobiotics that exhibit toxicity related to biotransformation. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7030  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7008  Environmental Forensics 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301152  

The unit is designed for professionals working in environmental regulatory authorities and laboratories at the federal, state or local level. This includes but is not limited to police jurisdictions, environmental protection agencies (EPAs), coastguards, park rangers, customs and quarantine officials. It is designed to give the environment law enforcement officer a background in the principles of contaminant analysis and transport in the environment with the ultimate aim of determining liability for pollution. The syllabus includes the main modes of contaminant transport in air, water and land, as well as an in-depth look at hydrocarbon fingerprinting.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7009  Environmental Forensics 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301153  

The unit is designed for professionals working in environmental regulatory authorities and laboratories at the federal, state or local level. This includes but is not limited to police jurisdictions, environmental protection agencies (EPAs), coastguards, park rangers, customs and quarantine officials. The unit consists of four case studies drawn from real-world scenarios. The skills and knowledge gained from Environmental Forensics 1 will be used to produce environmental forensic reports related to the case studies. The assessment is problem-based.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7008  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7011  Experimental Design and Analysis PG A  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401266  

Experimental Design and Analysis can be taken independently or in combination in Autumn (Experimental Design and Analysis PG A) and/or Spring (Experimental Design and Analysis PG B) semesters. Working closely with their assigned supervisor(s), students in the health, medical, biomedical and natural sciences will enhance their expertise in experimental methodologies and knowledge of advanced discipline-specific concepts in the first year of the Masters of Research. Completion of one these two units will allow students to demonstrate theoretical and practical skills directly relevant to their proposed research project. Completion of both units will allow students to build upon initial results, and to gain experience in additional methodologies and experimental techniques. These units will also complement the Master of Research core units Research Design 1 and 2, providing a foundation for students to formulate their research question and thesis proposal.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Co-requisite(s): HUMN 4009 OR
HUMN 4010 OR
HUMN 4012
  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 7010 - Experimental Design and Analysis PG NOTE Co-Requisite units removed from Spring 2021  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7012  Experimental Design and Analysis PG B  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401267  

Experimental Design and Analysis can be taken independently or in combination in Autumn (Experimental Design and Analysis PG A) and/or Spring (Experimental Design and Analysis PG B) semesters. Working closely with their assigned supervisor(s), students in the health, medical, biomedical and natural sciences will enhance their expertise in experimental methodologies and knowledge of advanced discipline-specific concepts in the first year of the Masters of Research. Completion of one these two units will allow students to demonstrate theoretical and practical skills directly relevant to their proposed research project. Completion of both units will allow students to build upon initial results, and to gain experience in additional methodologies and experimental techniques. These units will also complement the Master of Research core units Research Design 1 and 2, providing a foundation for students to formulate their research question and thesis proposal.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Co-requisite(s): HUMN 4009 OR
HUMN 4010 OR
HUMN 4012
  
Incompatible Subjects: NATS 7010 - Experimental Design and Analysis PG NOTE Co-Requisite units removed from Spring 2021  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7013  Explosives  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301156  

The unit provides information on the range of explosive compounds that may be encountered in incidents involving national security. It also covers improvised explosive devices, security screening applications, bomb scene management, and the forensic recovery and analysis of explosive residues. The unit concludes with case studies designed to illustrate the concepts covered in the preceding modules.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7014  Fingerprint Detection and Identification  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301132  

This unit aims to provide the student with a detailed understanding of the scientific methodologies applied to the detection, enhancement and identification of fingerprint evidence in a forensic context. The detection methods presented cover all of the current optical, physical and chemical techniques, as well as an insight into new approaches that are likely to have an impact over the next decade. The generally-accepted ACE-V methodology for fingerprint identification is discussed, together with the application of Bayesian statistics that has gained momentum as a preferred assessment method for this form of forensic evidence.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7015  Food Evaluation  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301181  

This unit aims to provide students with the knowledge and skills required to evaluate food quality and safety. Students are introduced to contemporary methods of analysis of foods as used for nutritional, quality and safety assessment. Practical work includes determination of major and minor food components; physical and functionality tests; sensory assessment and microbiological analysis of foods.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7016  Food Preservation and Packaging Technologies  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301180  

The objective of this unit is to provide students with an understanding of food preservation and food packaging technologies. Contemporary physical and chemical food preservation technologies will be examined, including chilling, freezing, thermal processing, fermentation, dehydration, chemical agents and novel non-thermal techniques. The chemical, physical, functional and nutritional properties of food commodities will also be examined, providing a scientific context for food quality, safety and nutrition. Students will study packaging materials science to be able to select the most appropriate packaging solutions for a range of food applications.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7017  Food Product Design  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301183  

This unit introduces students to theories and practices underpinning new product development, including idea generation, market research and product lifecycles. Students will apply emerging technologies, new ingredients and other innovative concepts relating to food preservation and food evaluation to research and develop new food products. Students will work on formulation design, assessment of ingredient and additive functions, effects of processing, optimization of quality and acceptability of foods. They will assess product packaging and storage stability, along with developing a food safety plan. They will also produce a final product specification and labelling requirements compliant with current food regulations.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7016 AND
NATS 7015
  
Co-requisite(s): NATS 7018  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7018  Food Quality Management  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301182  

This unit introduces students to food quality management principles and their application in ensuring product quality and safety. Students will learn to develop, evaluate and audit food safety programs based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and total quality management systems. Students will also examine statistical process control, food laws, regulations and codes at the state, national and international levels, as well as the application of scientific risk assessment to the development of food regulations.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7016  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7019  Forensic Analysis of DNA  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301148  

This unit will introduce students to the identification and evaluation of biological evidence in criminal matters using DNA technologies, including the methods routinely used for the isolation of DNA from cells and techniques applied to DNA quantitation, electrophoretic separation, sequence determination, as well as data interpretation, analysis and reporting. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7020  Forensic Anthropology (PG)  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301147  

This unit will provide an introduction to the basic knowledge needed to perform some of the forensic anthropologist's tasks, especially anatomy and human osteology. Due to the impossibility of teaching a laboratory class, we will substitute the hands-on experience by a carefully selected set of pictures and material in order to familiarize you with the practice of the discipline. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7022  Forensic Genetics  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301144  

The unit is designed to introduce genetics so that even if you haven't studied it before you will develop an understanding that will inform your practice in work. The context of this unit is forensic science but rather than jump straight into forensic DNA analysis this is a foundation unit, designed to give a framework of human molecular genetics. We will also look at some of the important issues in genetics including genome mapping and the role of gene dysfunction in disease. The first module is an overview and it is very important that you use the assignment time to check out some websites that will be very useful later on. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7023  Forensic Immunology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301146  

This unit will introduce students to the principles of immunology, immunological techniques, and their application to forensic analyses. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7024  Forensic Medicine I  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301133  

This unit covers the basic elements of forensic medicine and focuses on the role of the forensic pathologist in the investigation of crime and death. Although much of forensic medicine, based as it is on observations made at a post-mortem examination, relies on the principles of morbid anatomy as discovered in earlier centuries, more recent techniques are also presented. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7025  Forensic Medicine II  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301134  

This unit gives knowledge and understanding of relevant medical concepts, techniques and methods in order that the candidate has sufficient competence to interpret human diseases, conditions and behavior in a forensic setting. An understanding of the organizational structures involved in the practice of forensic medicine both locally and internationally, increase in the candidate's awareness of how forensic medicine relates to the wider context of society and how it contributes towards improving that society. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7024  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7026  Forensic Research 1  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301129  

This unit provides the basic framework and methodology required for planning and executing forensic research. The unit encompasses the scientific methods, practical tools and organizational skills important for implementing independent and original forensic research at an international level.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7027  Forensic Research 2  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301130  

This unit builds on the knowledge gained in the prerequisite unit Forensic Research 1 and further develops skills to enable the independent and confident planning, design and execution of an original forensic research project chosen by the student. The skills and tools acquired in Forensic Research 1 will help facilitate effective communication of research project findings through scientific report writing and presentation in formats appropriate for international journal publication and conferences.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7026  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7028  Forensic Toxicology I  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301136  

This course has been developed to introduce students to the concepts, procedures, processes and terminology routinely encountered in the execution of applied forensic toxicological analyses. Our objective is to educate students in the theoretical aspects of drug and analytical chemistry applied to forensic toxicology. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7029  Forensic Toxicology II  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301137  

This unit will expand on concepts encountered in Forensic Toxicology I, providing in-depth knowledge of pharmacology and toxicology as it pertains to commonly encountered abused and toxic substances. This unit is unique in offering modules in doping control, expert testimony and human performance and postmortem toxicology. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7028  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7030  General Toxicology  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301135  

This unit, which is primarily book-based, is structured to comprehensively provide the student with the fundamental concepts of toxicology as they relate to specific organ and tissue systems. We aim to supplement this information with online study guides, detailed module objectives and critical thinking exercises. The objective of this unit is to familiarize students with the procedures for using WWW resources for communication and educational purposes and to introduce students to the principles, concepts and terminology utilized in the field of toxicology. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7032  MSc Major Research Project  (40 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401157  

This masters-level project unit in science, which is entirely online, is an opportunity for students to carry out an in-depth investigation into a subject of their own choice. The only constraint on the subject is that it must be linked to one or more of the knowledge-based objectives of a student's previous studies in this program. The project can be literature based, involve laboratory or fieldwork, or include the design and use of a questionnaire. Students will have the support and guidance of a tutor.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7040  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7033  MSc Research Project  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401156  

Science Research Project is a capstone unit that gives students the opportunity to conduct scientific research, while extending their knowledge and practical skills. Each student undertakes a research project supervised by an academic staff member which has as its central focus the scientific analysis and resolution of a complex problem. The research project is conducted in an area of relevance to professional discipline, and students can choose from a range of approved research designs. Students must undertake a review of the relevant literature, formulation of a research question, design of an appropriate method, collection and analysis of data, interpretation of findings, the production of a research report and presentation of these findings.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7034  Managing for Sustainability  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401155  

This online unit is concerned with delivering and supporting sustainability management. Students will develop a multi-disciplinary perspective on resources, sustainability and health and safety management which will incorporate strategy, policy, data collection and knowledge management. It will introduce students to a systemic approach for studying organisational operations and methods for quantifying and optimising resource use and energy use while using tools to reduce environmental, societal and financial risk. Students will also learn how to improve the efficiency and effectiveness with which organisations can incorporate sustainability issues and to identify future trends and drivers for change in this area.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7035  Medicinal Chemistry of Drugs of Abuse  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301140  

This unit will address the fundamental concepts and principles involved in the examination of biological evidence and the practices of serology as they relate to crime scene and forensic investigation. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7037  Natural Medicinal Products  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301141  

This unit has been developed to introduce students to the procedures and processes associated with the production, isolation, characterization and use of medicinal drugs of plant origin. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7039  Pharmaceutical Analysis  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301143  

This unit focuses on the characterisation and the structural proof of drug compounds routinely encountered in Forensic and Pharmaceutical laboratories. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7040  Research Skills in Science  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401154  

This unit builds on undergraduate level science to develop a strong appreciation of postgraduate research skills. It will develop knowledge and understanding of techniques and skills applicable to postgraduate scientific study and research methodologies and critical awareness of literature. It will support you in understanding and evaluating current research. You will use technology to develop your information literacy skills, to communicate and to collaborate with others. You will also learn to act autonomously in planning and implementing work at a professional level. You will recognise how skills are continually developed through experience and can be transferred to other situations.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7044  Science and Health Research Project PG  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300742  

This is a 20 credit point year-long subject taken over two terms (10 credit points in each term). This subject develops critical and analytical skills by undertaking and completing a research project in an area of relevance. The project is carried out on an individual basis. Research projects are offered in consultation with staff who possess research interests and experience in relevant areas.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Co-requisite(s): AGEN 7003 OR
LGYA 6022
  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYB 8292 - Masters research project LGYB 9563 - Research Project 811 LGYB 9568 - Research Project 821 LGYB 9570 - Research Project 831 LGYB 9572 - Research Project - Science LGYB 9574 - Research Project 841 LGYA 6231 - Science Research Project PG  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7045  Special Issues in Science - PG  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 300685  

This is an individual project unit that is designed for the Master of Science program. It provides the student with an in depth understanding of a specific topic relevant to their field of study. It will include information retrieval techniques as well as written and oral communication skills. In addition, it may include the acquisition of technical skills.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: LGYB 8291 - Special Issues In Sustainable Development LGYB 8470 - Special Issues In Environmental Management LGYC 0924 - Special Issues In Science Technology LGYB 9581 - Personal Study M  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7046  Strategic Management in the Sciences A  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401158  

This preparatory online unit introduces students to the strategic, business and operational aspects of the life science industry. The unit equips students to understand the challenges and conventional wisdom within this industry with a particular focus on research and innovation. Students will learn techniques to develop coherent and credible alternative future scenarios including an understanding of strategic option development, and strategic resource allocation. Students will also acquire research, analytical and critical judgement skills enabling them to deal with important issues such as finance, uncertainty and risk.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7047  Synthetic Medicinal Chemistry  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301142  

This unit has been developed to introduce students to the chemical principles and procedures surrounding the synthesis of commonly encountered licit and illicit chemical substances, and to introduce you to the processes involved in the forensic analysis of clandestine drug laboratories. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7048  Toxic Substances  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301138  

This unit, which is primarily book-based, will comprehensively provide the student with the fundamental concepts of toxicology as they relate to specific organ and tissue systems. We aim to supplement this information with online study guides, detailed module objectives and critical thinking exercises using online journal articles. The objective of this unit is to familiarize students with many of the most important toxic substances, their toxic effects, and ways to treat poisoned patients. Several example toxicants are presented and discussed in detail.. There are literally tens of thousands of chemicals in commerce, and nature offers even greater numbers of chemicals to which individuals are exposed. According to the basic tenets of toxicology, any of these substances in sufficient doses is toxic, although some clearly are of greater health concern than others. The objective of this unit is to provide the student with information on the toxic properties of selected chemicals to illustrate principles regarding mechanisms of toxicity, the array of signs and symptoms associated with intoxication, approaches to clinical assessment of poisoning, and methods of treatment. Examples have been selected from several chemical classes and include agents that may be encountered occupationally, environmentally, in medicine, or in the context of substance abuse. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7030  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7049  Toxicology of Chemical Weapons  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 301150  

This unit is structured to comprehensively provide the student with the fundamental toxicologically relevant concepts of weapons that can be used to create mass casualties. These weapons are often called weapons of mass destruction, a term that is closely related to but not synonymous with mass-casualty weapons (a technically more appropriate term). This unit will focus on chemical agents and toxins as the toxicologically relevant mass-casualty weapons. Each of the eight modules in the unit will consist of specific objectives, one or more illustrative cases, a list of the primary references that the student will be expected to acquaint himself or herself with, a brief introduction, a section of teaching material and study tips, and assignments designed to stimulate critical thinking. The general objectives of this unit are to familiarize the student with the toxicological concepts applicable to chemical and toxin weapons of mass destruction; to provide useful references for study, discussion, and reference; and to provide experience in critical thinking about the clinical toxicology of these agents. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture between the University of Florida and Western Sydney University. Note: Further information on this unit is available from the University of Florida.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7050  Transferable Research Skills  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 401164  

This unit is an elective unit as part of the Master of Research and provides training in essential skills for research students in the health, medical, biomedical and natural sciences. Students will select two modules that will provide experience in advanced techniques and methodologies directly relevant to a specific area of research. It is expected that this unit, together with the unit Experimental Design and Analysis, will provide students in the health, medical, biomedical and natural sciences with a solid foundation before commencing the research project in the second year of the Master of Research degree.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7051  Applied research with marginalised populations and sensitive health topics  (10 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800215  

This unit will teach students practical knowledge and skills for conducting research with marginalised populations and on sensitive health topics. Students will learn ethical, methodological, and practical considerations in applied qualitative and mixed method research. Upon completion of the unit students will be able to develop a theoretically coherent qualitative or mixed method research protocol and justify their decision making at every stage of the research process. The skills developed in this unit will enable students to adapt research methods to ensure the integrity of the research process with marginalised populations and sensitive health topics.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7053  MSc Research Project (extended)  (20 Credit Points)  

This unit extends the research project undertaken in 401156 MSc Research Project into a substantial piece of research work. This unit provides a further opportunity for students to demonstrate that they can consolidate the knowledge acquired through their course of study, understand how existing evidence/information relates to research topics, and how their own work adds to this body of knowledge. The finding of the project will be presented in a thesis and in an oral presentation. On completion of the MSc with this unit, the student should have sufficient research project work to qualify for entry into a PhD program.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Co-requisite(s): NATS 7033  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7054  Professional Topic  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit is designed to allow high achieving students to comprehensively explore a relevant topic of interest to them, either through a minor supervised research project or an investigation of an issue directly related to their chosen discipline or a work internship in your chosen discipline. This unit's flexible delivery offers a unique experience specific to each project and student. Students in this unit will develop extensive skills through project-based learning essential for employment and/or higher degree studies.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7055  Experiment Design and Project Management  (10 Credit Points)  

Essential to a career in any branch of science is the ability to design the experiments of a project and manage this project to an outcome. This unit provides an introduction to the general theory of experiment design. The unit reviews the role of randomisation and replication in experiment design, considers the design techniques of constancy, blocking, and presents a number of experimental designs. This unit also covers the tools and techniques for effectively managing projects. Topics include development of project plans; estimation of time and resources; risk analysis and management; scheduling and control; resource allocation; project tracking; project closure and review.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7056  Clinical Research in Health Science  (10 Credit Points)  

This unit will teach students practical knowledge and skills for conducting clinical research within the field of Health Science. Students will learn ethical, methodological and practical considerations in applied quantitative and mixed- method research within the framework of a human clinical trial. Upon completion of the unit students will have an understanding of basic human clinical trial design, novel clinical trial designs, specialisation within various study fields. They will also have consideration of stakeholders and translational importance, trial governance, regulations and the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), intellectual property, commercialisation, recruitment, and advertising and marketing. Finally, they will understand the importance of translational impact via publications and the media, and be able to synthesise trial data via knowing how to conduct systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7057  Research Preparation in Post Graduate Studies  (10 Credit Points)  

Life is research! This unit introduces students to the nature of research and why it is essential to today's way of living. What are the current and big questions in research? How to prepare for conducting a research in various areas? What are the differences between study, investigation and research? In this unit, the main emphasis will be on different types of modern research and their methods/methodologies with special emphasis on Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM). This unit will also encompass various advanced tools that support research, its writing styles, publication channels and research ethics. Key elements of good research design are also introduced as well as the concepts of intellectual property and commercialisation.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Equivalent Subjects: ENGR 7018 - Research Preparation in Post Graduate Studies  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7058  Forensic Analysis of DNA 2  (10 Credit Points)  

Forensic Analysis of DNA 2 is a continuation of 301148 Forensic Analysis of DNA where students learn about the methods routinely used for the isolation of DNA from cells and techniques applied to DNA quantitation and electrophoretic separation, as well as data analysis, interpretation and reporting. In DNA 2, students learn how to interpret DNA data to include mixture deconvolution and the statistics that apply to DNA matches/inclusions. Modules also guide the student through the basis of Y-STR and Kinship testing statistical applications. Students will also learn the report writing, review and testimony skills required of a DNA analyst. This unit is taught by the University of Florida as part of a collaborative venture with Western Sydney University. (Note: This unit description is as provided by the University of Florida; see: https://forensicscience.ufl.edu/programs/courses/forensic-analysis-of-dna-2/)

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Pre-requisite(s): NATS 7019  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 7059  Forensic Digital Imaging  (10 Credit Points)  

This online unit is designed to provide an in-depth knowledge of scientific and forensic imaging. Forensic digital imaging serves important functions within forensic science for the purpose of scene and item documentation, detection and enhancement of forensic evidence, and as a means of communicating forensic observations and interpretations. The unit includes modules covering the following areas: physics of light, colour and optics; forensic photographic lighting techniques; image recording systems; image processing; and principles of forensic photography and imaging. This unit is taught by the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, as part of a collaborative venture between Western Sydney University and the University of Lausanne.

Level: Postgraduate Coursework Level 7 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9001  HDR Thesis - NICM Health Research Institute  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800214  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9002  Higher Degree Research Thesis - Food Science and Biotechnology  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800085  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9003  Higher Degree Research Thesis - Medicine  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800147  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9004  Higher Degree Research Thesis - Natural and Physical Sciences  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800177  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9005  Higher Degree Research Thesis - Natural and Physical Sciences  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800200  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9006  Higher Degree Research Thesis FT - Medical Science  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800131  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject  
NATS 9007  Higher Degree Research Thesis PT - Medical Science  (20 Credit Points)  
Legacy Code: 800130  
Level: PhD and Research Masters Level 9 subject  
Restrictions: Please see the Subject Details page for any restrictions for this subject